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Top 10 Indian Mathematicians and Their Inventions & Achievements

Mathematicians: When we talk about mathematics, we always have two kinds of individuals, the ones who are phenomenal at maths and those who are terrible at maths and consider mathematics as absolute nightmare. But, if we look at our daily lives, maths is a huge part of it. But when we look at our lives on day to day basis, math is a very helpful and integral part of life and also makes it better.

Our life will not be complete if maths won’t exist, ever thought why it would be like that? From slicing the cake into equal parts to measuring distance or weight, maths is included in every activity we do on an everyday basis.

Have you ever thought about how these extremely useful and amazing mathematical concepts have came into existence and who are the people behind these discoveries? Our country gave birth to many mathematical geniuses and here in this blog we will discuss about 10 of these gems which are as follows:


Aryabhata was the very first individual who introduced the truth about the Earth being spherical and it circulates around the sun and he also stated the exact number of days per annum, i.e. 365. The formula (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab was also given by him. Later, he functioned on the place value system by making use of letters to imply numbers and affirming qualities.


The reason world came to know about the existence of zero (0) is because of him, which stood for “nothing”. It was a huge contribution of Brahmagupta to mathematics. He also taught the method to find the cube and cube root of an integer and introduced the rules to facilitate the derivation of squares and square roots.


Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the renowned names in mathematics and one of smartest individual ever born in India. He made considerable benefactions to the Hardy-Ramanujan Little wood circle system in numeral theory and also put his efforts on continued fractions, elliptic functions, partial sums, infinite series and products of hypergeometric series.


Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’s most remarkable work in the area of statistics was the Mahalanobis Distance. Other than these, he had also made phenomenal theories in the area of anthropometry and he is also the founder of the Indian Statistical Institute. He also worked in the designing of big-scale sample surveys in India.


Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao, commonly known as C R Rao is a renowned statistician, known throughout the world for his “theory of estimation”. His offerings to statistical theory and applications are very famous and well known and many of his achievements, which bear his name, are taken in the syllabus of courses in statistics at graduate and postgraduate levels all across the globe.


Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar belongs to an Indian recreational mathematical system that explained many classes of natural numbers including the Kaprekar, Harshad and self-numbers and invented something known as the Kaprekar constant, which is obviously named after him. He never had any formal mathematical education, and yet he used to publish massively and was very famous in the recreational mathematics circle.


Harish-Chandra FRS was an Indian born, American mathematician and also a physicist who worked fundamentally in representation theory, his specialty was harmonic analysis on semi simple Lie groups.


He is majorly known for his collaborated work with Albert Einstein, Satyendra Nath Bose laid the foundation of modern theoretical physics in India. Bose made very advanced discoveries in statistical mechanics and quantum statistics, the interaction of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere the description of all forces by single field theory and x-ray diffraction.


Bhaskara, was an Indian astronomer, and mathematician helped in spreading the mathematical work of Aryabhata. He was the one who told the world that any number when divided by zero will be equal to infinity and that the addition of any number and infinity will also be equal to infinity. He wrote the famous book naming “Siddhanta Siromani”


Karmarkar’s algorithm is an algorithm declared by Narendra Karmarkar in 1984 for giving solutions to linear programming problems. He is also in the list of ISI highly cited researchers.

Other than these who are mentioned above, there are a lot of well known Indian mathematicians who laid the foundation into the development of mathematics. They have given numerous contributions to mathematics that did a huge impact on scientists and mathematicians in present era.

Mathematics is a very important subject for IIT-JEE preparation and also significantly valuable for with many other entrance examinations both for national and world level exams. Because new technological advancements have caused tremendous change in the way mathematics is taught to engineering students, as presently it consists of the usage of modern methods based on old methodologies.

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